Archaic Roman Religion, 2 Volumes by Georges Dumézil

By Georges Dumézil

While St. Paul and St. Peter reached Rome they encountered a state-sponsored faith that have been tested for hundreds of years. Amid the shrines and temples of Rome, the Romans sought to maintain and boost a faith specially suited for the formidable urban. yet Roman faith had additionally proved permeable to many affects, from Greece, Egypt, Persia, and different elements of Italy. What then was once really Roman, and what had Romans performed with their borrowings to stamp them with Roman character?
By exhaustive research of texts, inscriptions, and archaeology of Roman sacred areas, Dumezil lines the formation of archaic Roman faith from Indo-European resources during the improvement of the rites and ideology of the Roman republic. He describes a faith that used to be not just motivated by means of the opposite religions with which it got here into touch, yet encouraged them in addition, in mutual efforts to differentiate one state from one other. nevertheless, sure continuities have been sustained with a purpose to in attaining a faith that crossed generations and methods of existence. The worship of definite gods grew to become the targeted issues of yes elements of society, all of which wanted awareness to guarantee Rome's luck in warfare, civil management, and the construction of foodstuff and goods.

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Let us study Islam in the light of these circumstances. Islamic Ideology 106. " Islam will certainly not satisfy the extremists of either school, the ultraspiritualists and the ultra-materialists, yet it can be practised by an over-whelming majority of mankind, which follows an intermediate path, and seeks to develop simultaneously the body and the soul, creating harmonious equilibrium in man as a whole, Islam has insisted on the importance of both these constituents of man, and on their inseparability, so that one should not be sacrificed for the benefit of the other.

The result is mutual killing. The story of the two brigands is well known. They had captured some booty- One of them went to the town to buy provisions, and the other collected wood to prepare the meal. However each one resolved secretly in his heart to get rid of the other and monopolize the gain. So the one who had gone shopping, poisoned the provisions; while his comrade awaited him in ambush, and killed him on his return from the town; but when he tasted the food, he too joined his companion in the other world.

134. Monotheism alone, pure and unmixed can satisfy reason. God is One, though He is capable of doing all sorts of things. Hence the multiplicity of His attributes. God is not only the creator, but also the master of all : He rules over the heavens and the earth; nothing moves without His knowledge and His permission. , etc. 135. It follows that the conception of God differs according to individuals : a philosopher does not envisage it in the satnJ manner as a man in the street. The Prophet Muhammad admired the fervour of the faith of simple folk, and often gave the example of "the faith of old women," that is, unshakable and full of sincere conviction.

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