Academic Profiling: Latinos, Asian Americans, and the by Gilda L. Ochoa

By Gilda L. Ochoa

2015 Social technology publication Award, provided by way of the Association of Asian American Studies 

2014 Co-Winner Oliver Cromwell Cox booklet Award, awarded by way of the Racial and Ethnic Minorities part of the American Sociological Association 

2014 Co-Winner Eduardo Bonilla-Silva notable publication Award, presented through the Division of Racial and Ethnic Minorities of the Society for the examine of Social Problems 

Today the fulfillment hole is hotly debated between pundits, politicians, and educators. particularly this dialog usually makes a speciality of the 2 fastest-growing demographic teams within the usa: Asian american citizens and Latinos. In Academic Profiling, Gilda L. Ochoa addresses this so-called hole by way of going on to the resource. At one California public highschool the place the talk is lived each day, Ochoa turns to the scholars, lecturers, and oldsters to profit concerning the very genuine disparities--in chance, prestige, remedy, and assumptions--that bring about greater than simply gaps in achievement.

In candid and from time to time heart-wrenching aspect, the scholars inform tales of encouragement and forget on their paths to commencement. Separated by way of unequal center colleges and curriculum monitoring, they're divided through race, type, and gender. whereas these channeled into a world Baccalaureate software boast approximately Socratic sessions and stress-release classes, scholars skipped over of such courses regularly describe uninspired educating and inaccessible counseling. scholars unequally categorized come across differential policing and assumptions in accordance with their abilities--disparities compounded by way of the expansion within the inner most tutoring that favors the already economically privileged.

Despite the entrenched inequality in modern day colleges, Academic Profiling unearths wish within the many ways scholars and lecturers are asserting identities, developing substitute areas, and fostering serious recognition. while Ochoa stocks the result of her study with the highschool, we see the hot possibilities--and limits--of change.

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Extra resources for Academic Profiling: Latinos, Asian Americans, and the Achievement Gap

Sample text

S. society. S. News & World Report praised Chinese Americans for being good citizens and advancing on their own because of their believed cultural emphasis on hard work and determination (Lee 1996, 6). Since the 1960s, magazine and newspaper articles have promulgated the image that if Asian Americans can succeed without assistance, something must be wrong with African Americans and Latinas/os who are lagging behind educationally and economically. This myth persists, and various attitudinal studies find that in comparison to Latinas/os, Asian Americans and Asian immigrants are perceived as less likely to commit crimes and more likely to work hard and excel in school (Bobo and Johnson 2000; Suárez-Orozco and Páez 2002, 22).

So we see that we went down by fi fteen points or whatever. Then they put up a slide and do very little explanation of the slide; [they] just assume that everybody understands it the same way. Next thing that is put up is the achievement at the different grade levels. So three bar charts right next to each other, and you have that for Hispanic, Asian, and White; no other [group is presented]: just those three. Then you go through really quickly and see how the Latinos are performing versus the Asians.

The chapter is organized around the implications of (1) segregated and disparately valued middle schools and (2) the inequalities attached to a rigid track system that includes placement in IB and AVID programs or nonhonors college preparatory (CP) classes. Woven in throughout this chapter are the significance of differing racialization and class backgrounds in shaping students’ sense of selves and their opportunities. Part II focuses on specific school practices and family resources. Chapter 3 shares the narratives of several students who reveal how academic profiling fosters unequal patterns of surveillance and regulation on campus.

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